Système électro-solaire photovoltaïque au Bénin
Section: STI (flexible)
Lieu : Savalou, République du Bénin
Durée : Minimum 3 mois
Disponibilité : À partir de juillet 2017
Structure d’accueil : Pont Universel / Action Bénin Solidarité
L’association Pont Universel, reconnue d’utilité publique, a été créée en 2007 à Estavayer-le-Lac. L’Association, dont le siège social est basé à Fribourg, s’est donnée deux missions, à savoir accompagner les personnes souffrant de difficultés psychosociales en Suisse et en Europe, ainsi que participer à des actions ciblées d’aide au développement sous forme d’une économie durable, sociale et solidaire en Afrique de l’Ouest, principalement au Togo et au Bénin. ABS ONG reçoit, chaque année, des bénévoles de Suisse, France, Italie et aussi béninois pour le renforcement de sa capacité.
Description du projet:
- Assurer le transfert de compétences aux formateurs ABS ONG.
- Assurer la bonne mise en place des installations solaires au niveau des ateliers des artisans
- Bonne connaissance dans le domaine du système solaire photovoltaïque
- Bonne maîtrise de l’installation et la maintenance des systèmes solaires photovoltaïques
Contact : Claudine Fischer, firstname.lastname@example.org
Propositions de stage EtuRESCIF
Stages au Cameroun, Sénégal, Vietnam
Notre partenaire EtuRESCIF, le réseau d’Excellence des Sciences de l’Ingénieur de la Francophonie est un réseau transnational d’établissements universitaires de technologie francophones. Il propose des stages dans des domaines variés: énergie, santé, eau, nutrition, etc.
Toutes les offres peuvent être consultées sur leur site : https://eturescif.net/
Smart Water Management
Location : Burkina Faso or Palestine
Duration : 4- 6 months or according to availability
Availability : As soon as possible
Hosting structure: CODEV (Cooperation & Development Center)
Background: Despite worldwide efforts to eradicate hunger, FAO states that about 795 million people were still undernourished globally in 2015, and severe acute malnutrition kills more than 550 000 children each year in the Sahel. In 2014, agriculture in Burkina represented 35.67 % of GDP, more than twice the value in Sub-Sahara Africa (17.35 %) and almost 10 times the value of the world’s agriculture share of GDP: 3.91 %. In a context of climate change and growing pressure surrounding water resources, the EPFL’s Cooperation & Development Center (CODEV), along with its North and South partners, from private sector businesses and universities in Switzerland, Burkina Faso and Palestine, is developing a technology to support irrigation for family farming in (semi-)arid regions and contribute to food security and resilience to climate change.
(Semi-) arid regions in sub-Saharan Africa rely on irrigation for agricultural activities during the dry season, characterized by extreme temperature and dry wind conditions, and an almost total absence of precipitation. Agriculture traditionally takes place during the rainy season, but the impacts of climate change, the shift of rainfalls to the South, the great variability of inter-annual rainfall and the severity of drought pockets have made dry season agriculture crucial for food security. Water is a scarce resource in semi-arid regions, and high yields are difficult to obtain. FAO estimates that, in 2014, 80% of the food was produced by family farmers in a sample of 30 countries. While technologies such as drip irrigation kits reduce the time spent to irrigate the crop and improve water allocation by only irrigating near the root zone, estimating adequate water needs and timing to maximize yields remains a challenge. Irrigation is usually done on a visual assessment of the soil and plant state, and producers mostly rely on their own experience, often resulting in over-irrigation and water losses. In this context, the recent development of autonomous wireless sensor networks offers new perspectives for precise triggered irrigation.
Project Description: Improvement of a wireless sensor network to optimize irrigation and increase agricultural productivity in (semi-)arid regions. The student will run field tests in Burkina Faso or Palestine and combine the data with an agronomic model. For more information, read the tasks presented below.
Info4Dourou2.0 has developed an autonomous, robust and tailored to extreme climate conditions technology. The flexible, wireless sensor network measures and transmits eco-hydrologic data using a simple format: when the soil gets too dry, famers receive a text message alert telling them it’s time to irrigate. The information is also available on the Internet for remote users. The support system couples autonomous monitoring with agronomic models to provide a simple to use and install irrigation management system.
The technology, which has been tested throughout Burkina Faso in combination with a drip system since 2012, allows for significant water savings while improving production and has received positive ratings from farmers. It has likewise been tested in Palestine since 2016.
Phase 3 of Info4Dourou2.0 focuses on wider use of this irrigation management system for improving food security and helping to sustainably manage groundwater water resources and in adapting to different climate change scenarios. Research is underway to generalize the system with surface irrigation and watering cans for a stronger impact on farmers’ quality of life.
Master project goals:
The student(s) will be required to:
- Investigate and understand relevant literature regarding irrigation: micro and drip irrigation, surface irrigation, manual irrigation with atering cans, soil measuring techniques, measure based irrigation and irrigation in developing countries.
- Get a working understanding of the current system: sensors, measurement, models, and data transmission, current installation and deployments.
- Investigate and implement agronomic models to provide simple to use irrigation management information:
o Model analysis: advantages, expected improvement vs requirements, implementation costs
o Data analysis: compare model with current collected data
- Analyze collected data
o Collect and analyze experiment data
o Compare current results with the new proposed model
- Field work
o Follow/supervise/set up field experiment
o Analyze field data
o Investigate and understand how multi-user-gardens are organized to exploit their garden, to irrigate, etc.
o Work with local farmers to propose ways to optimize garden exploitation when several farmers are sharing the same garden.
Supervisor: Dr. Silvia Hostettler (Cooperation & Development Center), Prof. François Golay (ENAC SIE)
Contact : Clémence Bouleau, email@example.com / 021 693 31 96
Development of a water supply network
Section: GC, ME, SIE
Location : Pomerini-Iringa, Tanzania
Duration : 2-3 months
Availability : From February 2017
Hosting structure: Tulime
Tulime organization, from about five years has begun a project that involves sending trainees in Tanzania. This project has been started with the signing of a student exchange agreement with the University of Palermo (Italy). Pursuant to this agreement, the above mentioned university, entrusts its trainees to Tulime organization, which will send them in Tanzania. The same students in general are concerned to perform duties within the projects that Tulime follows on site, such as the project District fruit, Hands of Africa (regarding the project development of local crafts), Disabled project, literacy etc.
After the signing of the first agreement, in subsequent years they have been signed with other Italian universities, including: University of Catania, Florence, Siena, Perugia, Bologna, Trieste, Milan, Sassari, Turin and Link Campus University of Rome. Up today, Tulime sent in Tanzania about 65 students.
In 2017, Tulime NGO, will continue a project started in 2016 about the improvement of the sanitary conditions of the village of Kitowo (near Pomerini). In 2016, Tulime, in partnership with the Ministry of water of Tanzanian realized a well (70 meters) in order to ladling drinking water for the Kitowo population: the depth pump is powered by solar panels:
In 2017, it must be realized the water distribution network within the Kitowo village: in particular 4 fountains will have to be fed. The intern will undertake an internship within this project.
Note: The intern will be required to pay the association which in return will cover the living expenses and provide an accomodation.
Knowledge in hydraulics and energy from renewable sources. The intern will also play activities related to feasibility studies of other wells in other neighboring villages.
Contact : firstname.lastname@example.org
The « conseil de fondation » of the Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d’Ivoire (CSRS) wishes to increase the number of graduate students from Swiss universities working in collaboration with the CSRS in West Africa, and it is pleased to announce the first session of its W Müller Award to help to finance this collaboration. The award is open to graduate students (MSc and PhD) registered at Swiss universities and planning to conduct their projects (at least in part) in West Africa in close collaboration with a team of the CSRS in one their research areas. These are: (i) environment and health, (ii) food security and nutrition, and (iii) biodiversity and conservation. (Please see http://www.csrs.ch/ for more details of the research at CSRS.) The project must be in line with the strategic plan of the CSRS. The “conseil de fondation” will award up to 5’000 CHF per project from its W Müller fonds; in 2016-17 two projects will be funded.
Renewable Energy / Solar
Section: EL, ME, MES, MT, SIE
Location : Vientiane, Laos or Yangon, Myanmar
Duration : 4-6 months
Availability : from January 2017
Hosting structure : Sunlabob Renewable Energy
Sunlabob Renewable Energy (Sunlabob) is a venture-backed internationally-focused company specializing in renewable energy and clean water solutions throughout the developing world. Established in 2000, the company has expanded far beyond its initial focus in Laos, now providing its integrated expertise of rural electrification and renewable energy to governments, multilateral development agencies, multinational companies, NGOs and SMEs throughout Southeast Asia, India, Africa and the Pacific. The company to-date has offices in Vientiane, Laos (HQ), Yangon, Myanmar, and Singapore.
Project description: Sunlabob’s engineering internship is a fantastic way for students to make a meaningful impact in developing countries, while gaining valuable professional experience. The internship requires a full time commitment of at least 4 months, and roles are available in either the Vientiane office in Laos or the Yangon office in Myanmar, depending on expected needs. The intern will work closely with a multi-cultural team of engineers and project managers and provide engineering support for Sunlabob projects. Successful completion of the internship will rely on strong technical and communication skills, and an excellent work ethic.
- Designing renewable energy systems using Helioscope, HOMER, Excel and other software
- Drawing electrical single line diagrams and system designs using AutoCAD
- Conducting site assessments
- Assisting with tender bid submissions
- Project proposal and documentation development
- Project implementation and on-site supervision support
- Energy efficiency assessments
- Developing and maintaining Sunlabob’s internal databases and knowledgebase
- Continual improvement of Sunlabob’s processes
- Technical knowledge and experience in at least one of the following areas: Renewable energy systems (particularly solar PV systems), off-grid power systems, mini-grids/micro-grids, building electrical systems, electrical distribution, battery technology, commercial energy efficiency or construction projects.
- Familiarity with electrical components and electrical engineering
- Experience with AutoCAD or other drawing tools
- Experience with design tools such as Helioscope, HOMER, PVSyst and Excel
- Ability to interpret technical details and site drawings, and communicate effectively about them
- Self-motivated, self-starter who can work independently
- Creative and adaptive problem solver
Contact : email@example.com
Optimizing irrigation with low-cost wireless sensor networks
Section : SIE
Duration : 3 mois
Availability: September 2016 or as soon as possible
Hosting structure : Info4Dourou2.0 in Palestine & CODEV (Cooperation & Development Center) at EPFL
Project description :
Research project “Info4Dourou 2.0” focuses on the usage of low-cost wireless sensor networks to optimize irrigation in arid regions and to collect data for environmental planning and natural resources management. The system has been tested in several micro irrigated perimeters in Burkina Faso since 2012, with very promising results concerning water savings and yield optimization. It now being deployed in Palestine, in collaboration with Alquds University.
The internship goals can be summarized as follows:
- Assist the research team in Palestine currently working on applying the Info4dourou2.0-system on tomatoes in Tulkarm and dates in Jericho)
- Do own research about topics related to the Info4dourou2.0-project (to be discussed with CODEV)
- Field work. Perform soil and water analysis, analyze collected data
- Get knowledge about the situation and challenges Palestinian farmers experience
- Be open to present the work in universities and other interested institutions
English speaking fluency. French and/or Arabic a plus. Hebrew is also an asset. Previous experience of developing country/ies necessary.
Student will have to be able to take own initiatives, be flexible and push work forwards if necessary.
Support will be given to the intern by :
-CODEV (Clémence Bouleau, project coordinator)
– Supervisor Amer Kanan (Head of Environmental Department at Al-Quds University)
– The research assistant employed in the project and volunteers involved in the project
– Before the trip the intern will be instructed and given advice about the work. This includes information about the special security situation and practical issues.
Contact : firstname.lastname@example.org